13 Great Landscape Lighting Tips

If this is for your first go around with outdoor lights, you might find that coming up with landscape lighting ideas to illuminate your home and garden involves a bit more thought and planning than what may have imagined at the outset.

Many beginners get overly enthusiastic and wind up placing lots of lights all throughout the yard. But this approach is not always the best one because the lights end up being the focal point of attention – not the landscape itself. The end goal should be a tastefully lit home and garden.

And to accomplish this, here are a few ideas to get started on the right foot.

(1) Develop your own theme.

Here, what you’re trying to determine is which objects and areas you want to feature, which outdoor lighting types you want to use, and which lighting angles to implement. You want to tie all of these various contributing aspects into one unifying theme.

(2) Select the outdoor lighting fixtures

Decide which type of landscape lighting products you want to use before you begin. Know before hand whether you want to incorporate motion detector lightssolar powered lights, path lights, bullet lights, well lights, etc. Each of these lights has a specific purpose and shed light in different way. So understanding this prior to beginning your landscape lighting project will save you a lot of potential problems.

(3) Less is More

Too much of a good thing is never a good thing. Too many lighting fixtures that virtually light the entire property is not something that appears tasteful and is something your neighbors will not appreciate. With landscape lighting, the best effect is produced by efficiently using as few lights as possible.

(4) Use a central object

A tree or fountain are good objects to use as the focal point of your yard.

(5) Downlighting

As mentioned above, downlighting is a particularly useful landscape lighting idea that can be used for various lighting effects. One way is to place lighting fixtures high in trees. The light directed downward lights up the general area in what is termed a “moolight” effect.

Another way of using downlighting is to place the lights lower down in trees. This creates a “spread lighting” effect and is ideal for illuminating walkways and paths.

(7) Uplighting

An uplighting effect is produced by using a light fixture such as a ground-mounted well light or bullet light to project light upward on plants or other various objects in the landscape area. This type of outdoor landscape lighting is beneficial to such objects as trees, gazebos, shrubs, arbors and various other plants situated above the general landscape plane.

A dramatic affect can be produced by placing a light in a shrub or group of shrubs in order to highlight the branches. Ornamental grasses like zebra grass and pampas also benefit from this kind of lighting.

To give you yet another idea, you can place submergible outdoor lights in water to uplight ponds, fountains and creeks. To give the effect a special touch, you can choose to use colored lights.

(8) Backlighting

Backlighting, also referred to as silhouetting, uses wash light fixtures to illuminate a background. A light fixture is placed between a wall and an object, which makes the object in front of the light appear as a dark shape (silhouette). This type of landscape lighting is terrific for highlighting such objects as walls, columns, doorways, arches and doorways. Other places to use backlighting are at the base of columns, building corners, fence posts, pergolas and gazebos. Just situate the light below the object and flood it with light.

(9) Shadow Lighting

Shadow lighting places a well light or bullet light in front of an object in order to cast a shadow of the object onto the side of a building, wall, or other structure. This eye-catching technique works best when there is an expansive area behind the lit object.

The closer the light is placed to the object, the more the throw of the shadow pattern is increased. Conversely, as the light is placed further back from the object, the more the throw of the shadow is decreased.

(10) Path Lighting

Path lighting not only is visually appealing outdoor lighting idea, but also adds a measure of safety to your landscape lighting design. This type of lighting uses spread light fixtures or taller path lights to create pools of light along pathways, sidewalks and garden beds. It also highlights objects within its immediate vicinity, like shrubs trees and flowers.

(11) Moon Lighting

Moonlighting adds a pleasing effect to your landscape lighting by placing a light fixture in a shrub or tree high above the ground. This light is aimed down to simulate moonlight gently cascading through the branches. This works particularly well with mature trees, as the light filtering through the trees greatly enhances different landscape areas.

(12) Spotlighting

Spotlights are not only used for spotlighting purposes, but also for shadowing, highlighting, and uplighting. They are typically staked in the ground. Spotlights are most commonly used to throw light onto a wall, house, and other prominent areas. They can also be used to shine through trees and other high objects.

Try to situate the light fixture in such a way where the light fully shines on the focal point without glare or wash-out effect. To mix things up, you may want to use different colored filters in the spotlights. Red, yellow and blue colors enhance plant’s natural colors and highlight concealed characteristics of tree’s branches, limbs and trunks.

(13) Flood lighting

Flood lights work much the same as spotlights, but cast a wider beam. This makes them ideal for spreading broad and even light across a wide expanse, such as a play or work area. These lights typically are situated above entryways, garage doors, sheds and patios.

Flood lights are also commonly used as outside security lighting.  When used in conjunction with motion sensors that activate when a person or object crosses the area of detection, they can greatly enhance the safety and security of a home.

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